Californian Reacts | The (SECRET) City of London: History Edition a financial history of the world

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The City of London is a city, ceremonial county and local government district that contains the historic center and the primary central business district (CBD) of London. It constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the modern city named London has since grown far beyond the City of London boundary. The City is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of London, though it remains a notable part of central London. Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of London; however, the City of London is not a London borough, a status reserved for the other 32 districts (including London’s only other city, the City of Westminster). It is also a separate ceremonial county, being an enclave surrounded by Greater London, and is the smallest ceremonial county in the United Kingdom.

The City of London is widely referred to simply as the City (differentiated from the phrase “the city of London” by capitalizing City) and is also colloquially known as the Square Mile, as it is 1.12 sq. mi (716.80 acres; 2.90 km2) in area. Both of these terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom’s trading and financial services industries, which continue a notable history of being largely based in the City. The name London is now ordinarily used for a far wider area than just the City. London most often denotes the sprawling London metropolis, or the 32 London boroughs, in addition to the City of London itself. This wider usage of London is documented as far back as 1888, when the County of London was created

– Video Chapters –
0:00 | Introduction
1:18 | Reaction to Secret City of London
7:36 | Final Thoughts & Questions!

Original video –

#SecretLondon #GB #Britain .

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Californian Reacts | The (SECRET) City of London: History Edition

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Californian Reacts | The (SECRET) City of London: History Edition
a financial history of the world
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33 comments

HistorYEET! | Californian Reacts 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

Well well well… I finally have a much better understanding about the TRUE City of London! As always with anything to do with GB, it's all extremely fascinating and rich with history and tradition! Love it!

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phueal 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

I went to school within the Square Mile for 7 years, and am a Freeman of the City of London (I’m a member of the Vintners guild), and to answer your original question no, most people don’t know this stuff, even I don’t know all this stuff! There’s simply too much weird for any one person to fully understand unless they devote their lives to it.

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SarahKB7 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

CGP Grey is wrong. They're not dragons, they're wyverns. Outer London (v2.0) is not a city, its a metropolitan region and ceremonial county. England is not a country, its a nation. The UK is not a country, its a sovereign state with 4 nations in it, arguably 5 if you include Cornwall too.

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Robert Johnson-Taylor 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

The site that the became called by Londinium by the Romans, has an older site established by the Phoenicians. Wales & Cornwall were the main sources of copper and tin in the Bronze Age with over 80% or the worlds bronze being produced here. One of the major ports becoming Londinium.

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Dave of Yorkshire 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

Anything that's been around two thousand years gets complicated…

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Jo Smith 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

I tend to call London by the Roman name of Londinium because it has a nicer ring. Most if not all towns and cities in England have a coat of arms. Every county does too.

Yes, there is some Roman wall at the Tower of London but it's easy to miss or not realise what it is. The Queen does still own the Tower but it's looked after by Historic Royal Palaces. She still keeps her bling there though.

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Will Smith 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

It is weird to think here in England we have buildings that are literally older than the USA

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David Saville 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

I live 10 miles from the city of London and if someone says they work in the city you assume they work in financial services.

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SarahKB7 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

CGP Grey's video is factually wrong. And so are many of his other "British videos", which contain lots of errors that are based on comparitive American similarities and assumptions. The City of London is not "a City in a city, in a country in a country". It's actually "a City in a region , in a nation in a sovereign state ".

This is because Greater London has never had an official city status, its an administative region that was created in the 20th century and swallowed up chunks of the surrounding counties of Essex, Kent and Surrey – and the entirety of the former county of Middlesex, which had Westminster in it.

Americans, such as CGP Grey, use the word "city" much more liberally than the far more rigid classifications of actual "city" status in the UK, so CGP Grey's use of the word "city" confuses the the matter. City status is an actual "thing", a titled honour for a place in the UK, which can only be granted by the monarch. It doesn't automatically equate to being a dense urban sprawl.

Greater London does not and has never had city status, it has no official city charter granted by the monarch. Greater London is officially classified as a metropolitan region and a ceremonial county , it even has its own Lord-Lieutenant representative, like other English ceremonial counties.

England is not a "country", as it lost its independant sovereignty after being politically unified in 1707 with Scotland, to form the sovereign state of Great Britain. Presently, England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales are not "countries", they are nations within a Sovereign State called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and North Ireland. Also note that the UK is not officially a country, it's a Sovereign State that contains four constituent non-sovereign nations within it.

Basically, Greater London and its residents appropriated the "London" name from the City of London to prosper from it. And they now assume it's all one big "city". Which it isn't.

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Niall Russell 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

Most UK cities grew over thousands of years, from a settlement that might have had a market, and encompassed other hamlets/villages/towns as it grew (mostly in Industrial Revolution). US cities were gridded up, plots of land. Closest version in UK is places like Milton Keynes, a new city from 1960s.

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Vivian Fred 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

The best strategy to use in trading crypto is to trade with a professional who understands the market quite well, that way maximum profit is guaranteed.

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shmupperfromhell 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

The City of London is not the only one :> There are more Cities/areas that have their own laws in Britain ^^

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Steve Barlow 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

The dragon like creature found around the edge of the City of London and supporting the coat of arms is a wyvern. Which is a heraldic beast having a serpents tail and a dragon's head and a body with wings and two legs.

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Norman Wallace 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

Sorry they are not Dragons they'r Wyverns The City Quiety hold the purse strings they are not in debt but their biggest debtors are the British Government their police do not answer to the Home Office but the Court of Common Council

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Ian H 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

Speaking of strange things about the UK – you should include the Channel Islands, and the place my family lives – The Isle of Man. Not part of the UK (but really it is), with its own government (Viking), currency and laws (and the home of the most dangerous road race in the world – TT). Used to work in the city, and walked most of it – the Roman wall, the gates in the wall – Moorgate, Aldgate, Bishopsgate, Cripplegate, Newgate, Ludgate – well, the names still exist. Indeed a fascinating place. My Army unit was twinned with the Worshipful Company of Dyers (guild) – which gave us a white swan as a tac sign. Ah, history… never gets old.

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Darrell Powell 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

The pilgrims that settled in the New world in 1606 had loans from the City of London. To make it easy to repay these loans The Virginia London trading post was established to repay loans without travelling back to England.

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sang froidian 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

UK laws will tend to have an explicit section dealing with geography affected by the legislation and/or specific legal/regulatory bodies with responsibility for overseeing/administering each particular law. For example –
'This Act extends to England and Wales only.' or
'(a)in relation to premises in England, means the Secretary of State;
(b)in relation to premises in Wales, means the Welsh Ministers.'

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Philip Mason 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

The City of London is supposed to be the financial capital of the world, Washington DC the military capital of the world and the Vatican the world’s religious capital. These three geographic limited places are sovereign entities in the countries we find them.
Makes you think !!!

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General Advance 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

It is a strange and unique place, I don't think there is anywhere else like it in the world. I couldn't believe it was a real thing when my parents explained it to me as a kid when I pointed out the different police. The city itself has a 'ring of steel' for extra protection against terror attacks, originally set up during the troubles in the event of IRA attack. It consists of traffic barriers, patrols, cctv surveilance & other countermeasures.

If you like strange traditions you might enjoy the state opening of parliament. The Queen is not allowed to enter the house of commons due to tradition so a person called the 'black rod' has to go in her stead and request the politicians attend her in the house of lords. There is a huge golden mace placed in the house of commons that symbolises her authority in the house of commons when parliament opens, whole thing must look very weird to outsiders. Should be available on youtube.

There is also trooping the colour, another old ceremony that takes place on the monarchs birthday every year. Back from when British army units carried their regimental standards (colours) into battle and the regiments would 'troop' their colour, so that they would know where to rally to during battle. Plenty of these on youtube too and worth it for the music, history and spectacle alone.

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John Ashtone 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

In 1135 Stephen of Blois usurped the Throne of England, he had a distant claim to be king, but it was actually Matilda, Henry I's daughter, who was the rightful heir, but she was still in central Europe divorcing her husband The Holy Roman Emperor when Henry died. So Stephen nipped over from France and was enthroned.
Matilda invaded in 1139, but made the fatal mistake of acting like European Empress, and told the representatives from London, they wouldn't get any special treatment, oh and to stop voting for their representatives?

She also acted like a European and didn't ask the Baron's what they thought, and as many of them had voting rights in London, it wasn't going to end well. As a consequence she never ruled.

Although her son Henry II did, and he acted like a proper English King, and introduced the Jury system, because that way people voted on whether they thought someone should be hung, and have their guts drawn out while still nearly alive, then their head cut off and the body cut into four quarters, much more civilised lolz.

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Two Cats Pet Care 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

The City of Coventry where I live also has a Lord Mayor. This is a mainly ceremonial role and usually goes to the longest serving member of the city council. They firstly serve a year as Deputy Lord Mayor, then follow that up with a year as Lord Mayor. During their year as Lord Mayor, they represent the city all around the world. They are called Lord Mayor whether they are a man or a woman. The spouse of a male Lord Mayor is called The Lady Mayoress. The spouse of a female Lord Mayor is called The Lord Mayors Consort. Three of the previous Lord Mayors including the most recent Lord Mayor are personal friends of mine. These are just ordinary men and women who are very proud and honoured to have served their city in this the highest office any citizen could occupy. (Anne Lucas Lord Mayor for 2020/21 makes a very good cup of tea)

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Chris Bailey 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

The Roman wall is close to The Museum of London.

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MARKSTRINGFELLOW1 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

Chester has a wall

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Rpaul Millam 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

Try commenting on the Lord Mayor's Show.

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TheRenaissanceman65 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

We first have to get the point that the Lord Mayor of London is only for the City of London, and holds a similar position to the mayors of the other 32 boroughs. The Mayor of London, which is a very recent post, is over all of them. Where the Mayor has no responsibility in the City is in relation to the police, as the City has its own police force (the rest of London is policed by the Metropolitan Police). The City of London gets to have a Lord Mayor as it is officially a city by royal charter, as is Westminster. The rest of Greater London isn't officially a city at all, it's just a continuous urban area.

Yes, there is a bit of remaining city wall at the Tower of London but that's all. You can still trace it, though, by the gates. Aldgate, Moorgate, Cripplegate, Newgate, Ludgate… these are all the names of actual gates in the wall and live on in street names. The Tower of London WAS at the end of the wall.

English law most certainly applies in the City. The City of London Police, interestingly, has a national responsibility in that it includes the national fraud unit, no doubt because the City is the major financial district so it's the most likely place to get big frauds. If you want to report a fraud anywhere in the UK except Scotland, you report it to Action Fraud, which is run by them.

Such is life… yes, we've been around as an organised country for a long time, and bits of how it works date a long way back because you don't change anything unless you need to. Same reason we don't have a written constitution – nobody ever thought "OK, let's start again from scratch".

Just to digress, the problem with constitutions is it's hard to change them, which is done on purpose as they're the very basics of how the country works (Germany even calls theirs the Grundgesetz, which means Basic Law). The US constitution is the oldest extant one in the world precisely because it's the shortest and only covers the very basics of "there shall be a president and this is how he is chosen, there shall be a Congress and this is how it is chosen, there shall be a Supreme Court and this is how it is chosen, and these are what their respective responsibilities are". So it hasn't needed much amendment. Indeed most problems seem to be with the Amendments. The obvious one is the 18th Amendment, which introduced Prohibition. There was no need to put that into the constitution, and no wonder it's the only Amendment that's been totally repealed.

Not having one, the UK can be a bit more flexible. If the USA wanted to abolish birthright citizenship and redefine what makes you a US citizen, as Trump said back before his election that he wanted to do, that would need an amendment to the 14th Amendment. No wonder he never did anything about it. When the UK wanted to do the same thing, Parliament just passed the British Nationality Act 1981. Bingo, from 1/1/83, just being born in the UK doesn't make you a British citizen, you need to have a parent with permanent residence in the UK as well. Easy-peasy.

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Rain Dancer 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

There are places like Bishopsgate, Aldgate etc where the gates into the city once existed. Some churches are named with reference to this like St. Botolph's without Bishopsgate, showing it was outside the boundary.

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BlameThande 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

One thing he doesn't mention is the guilds (properly called Livery Companies) didn't stop back then, but they still found new ones today for new jobs as they arrive. More recent ones include guilds for tax advisors and security guards, and the most recent one was founded in 2014.

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Spiklething 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

My home city (Chichester) is also a roman town, still has much of its Roman Wall and the Romans built a road between Chichester and London called Stane street, a lot of which is still in use.

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JoshSheffsAgain 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

You should check out the city of York, or Eboracum as it was called.

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richard cully 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

The Tower of London is owned technically by the Queen (rather than the City) but is classed as a Historic Royal Palace as opposed to a residence and as such is geared to being presented to visitors as well as any residual Royal roles such as keeping the Crown Jewels safe.

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matthew o'farrell 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

You should react to a video about the city of London rules and voting all about those builds and the like it's far more detailed

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Clare Gale 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

Do you mean Hadrians wall ?

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michael177 25/09/2021 - 7:29 Chiều

I can't help but think those medieval guilds, their crests would not look out of place on a bottle of craft beer or something

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